Month: February 2016

Note-to-self: Normalization of deviance in security: how broken practices become standard [must read]

If you would search the internet you’ll quickly find the original quote… “Normalization of deviance in software: how broken practices become standard”

All credits go to the original post: http://danluu.com/wat/

And to honor the truth completely, the hint was posted by Joe Richards at http://blog.joeware.net/2016/01/04/5683/
Joe has highlighted some important remarks in his blog post. But there is more…

What reasons do people or companies have NOT to implement best practices or ‘forget’ to implement them.
What easily becomes accepted as normal, why not speak up if you think something is wrong…

Just replace the ‘software’ in the article and title by ‘security’ …

Simply must read!
[Or actually, simply must implement, every day.]

#FIM2010 upgrade/update failure and roll back

Recently I have been working with several customer that experienced a similar situation:

  • update FIM with a hotfix fails
  • upgrade FIM 2010 to FIM 2010 R2 fails
  • during installation of FIM he FIM services won’t start

All of them result in a roll-back of the installation.

Let me spoil the root cause right away (and then explain): using an SQL port number in the installation wizard.

The installation wizard is not able to connect to the database with a port number.

Solution: use an SQL alias

Background

The FIM Sync Service and/or the FIM servers check the registry for the database server and instance and then connect to SQL and start the service.

The use of a port number seems to break the wizard.
Normally the FIM Services and FIM Sync Services CAN use an SQL port…

Easy fix: set an alias in the SQL Server client network utility

c:\windows\system32\cliconfig.exe

cliconfig

port1433_1

port1433_2

setalias

Then change the registry to use the FIM SQL ALIAS (as server), you don’t need the instance and port anymore (as the alias will take care of it).

For the FIM Sync:

regedit

Check the server and instance configured for the FIM Sync database

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\FIMSynchronizationService\Parameters\Server (use SQL Alias)

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\FIMSynchronizationService\Parameters\Instance (empty)

for FIM Service

Check the server and instance configured for the FIM Service database

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\FIMService\DatabaseServer

 

Reference

I’ve updated the Wiki article with more detailed info at http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/14551.fim-2010-r2-troubleshooting-syncservice-installation-or-upgrade-failure-and-roll-back.aspx

See also:

Some new #MIM2016 CTP stuff on the Connect site

Check out the MIM 2016 connect site: https://connect.microsoft.com/site433.

The Identity and Access Management Connect site is used for:

– Microsoft Identity Manager 2016 SP1 Preview (MIM 2016 SP1)
– FIM Sync Connectors
– Azure Active Directory Sync Services

If you would like to try out this preview in a lab environment, it is available for download on Connect at  https://connect.microsoft.com/site433/Downloads

Check : https://connect.microsoft.com/site433/Downloads/DownloadDetails.aspx?DownloadID=57668

If you do not see this available for download, ensure that “Active Directory Identity and Access Management CTP” is in your Connect programs list, or add this connect program from the directory https://connect.microsoft.com/directory/ .  You can provide feedback directly by email to aadmimfeedback@microsoft.com or in Connect site feedback.

It’s important to carefully check the description of the download: “These CTPs are intended solely for integration testing and to help us gather community feedback on specific changes or scenarios. As such these previews are for evaluation use only, and are not licensed, supported or intended for production use.  If you need updates for a production deployment of MIM, please contact your Microsoft support representative to ensure you have the latest hotfix for MIM 2016.”

Note-to-self: EMET 5.5 released

Source: http://blogs.technet.com/b/srd/archive/2016/02/02/enhanced-mitigation-experience-toolkit-emet-version-5-5-is-now-available.aspx

Microsoft announced “the release of EMET 5.5, which includes the following new functionality and updates:

  • Windows 10 compatibility
  • Improved configuration of various mitigations via GPO
  • Improved writing of the mitigations to the registry, making it easier to leverage existing tools to manage EMET mitigations via GPO
  • EAF/EAF+ pseudo-mitigation performance improvements
  • Support for untrusted fonts mitigation in Windows 10″

Download is available at: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=50766

More interesting information at:

EMET 5.5 FAQ: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/2458544

EMET at the Security TechCenter: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/security/jj653751

FIM2010# MIISActivate – FIM Sync service terminated with service-specific error %%-2146234334

This article has been posted on TNWiki at: FIM2010 Troubleshooting: MIISActivate – FIM Sync service terminated with service-specific error %%-2146234334.


 

Situation

 

Failing over a FIM Sync Server to the standby FIM sync server using MIISActivate.

After using successfully MIISActivate, the FIMSync Service fails to start and logs an error in the eventviewer.


 

Symptoms

 

You’ll see 2 error messages in the event viewer, erro 7024 and error 6324.

Error 7024

 

Reference

 

This error is pretty similar or exactly like the error described in the following Wiki article:

FIM2010 Troubleshooting: FIM Sync service terminated with service-specific error %%-2146234334.

 

Screen

 

 

Error message Text

 

Log Name: System
Source: Service Control Manager
Date: 3/02/2016 15:08:59
Event ID: 7024
Task Category: None
Level: Error
Keywords: Classic
User: N/A
Computer: servername.domain.customer
Description:
The Forefront Identity Manager Synchronization Service service terminated with service-specific error %%-2146234334.
Event Xml:
<System>
<Provider Name=”Service Control Manager” Guid=”{555908d1-a6d7-4695-8e1e-26931d2012f4}” EventSourceName=”Service Control Manager” />
<EventID Qualifiers=”49152″>7024</EventID>
<Version>0</Version>
<Level>2</Level>
<Task>0</Task>
<Opcode>0</Opcode>
<Keywords>0x8080000000000000</Keywords>
<TimeCreated SystemTime=”2016-02-03T14:08:59.670239000Z” />
<EventRecordID>679744</EventRecordID>
<Correlation />
<Execution ProcessID=”516″ ThreadID=”1212″ />
<Channel>System</Channel>
<Computer>servername.domain.customer</Computer>
<Security />
</System>
<EventData>
<Data Name=”param1″>Forefront Identity Manager Synchronization Service</Data>
<Data Name=”param2″>%%-2146234334</Data>
</EventData>
</Event>

 

Error 6324

 

Error message Text

 

Log Name: Application
Source: FIMSynchronizationService
Date: 3/02/2016 15:08:59
Event ID: 6324
Task Category: Server
Level: Error
Keywords: Classic
User: N/A
Computer: servername.domain.customer
Description:
The server encountered an unexpected error and stopped.
“BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\sqlstore\storeimp.cpp(5096): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\sqlstore\storeimp.cpp(493): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(429): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2145188339. This is retry number 0.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\shared\utils\clrhost.cpp(224): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\rules\scriptmanagerimpl.cpp(7886): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(272): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2146234334. This is retry number 1.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\shared\utils\clrhost.cpp(224): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\rules\scriptmanagerimpl.cpp(7886): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(272): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2146234334. This is retry number 2.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\shared\utils\clrhost.cpp(224): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\rules\scriptmanagerimpl.cpp(7886): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(272): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2146234334. This is retry number 3.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1041): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
Forefront Identity Manager 4.1.3634.0″
Event Xml:
<System>
< Provider Name=”FIMSynchronizationService” />
<EventID Qualifiers=”49152″>6324</EventID>
<Level>2</Level>
<Task>3</Task>
< Keywords>0x80000000000000</Keywords>
<TimeCreated SystemTime=”2016-02-03T14:08:59.000000000Z” />
< EventRecordID>266336</EventRecordID>
<Channel>Application</Channel>
< Computer>servername.domain.customer</Computer>
<Security />
</System>
< EventData>
<Data>BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\sqlstore\storeimp.cpp(5096): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\sqlstore\storeimp.cpp(493): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(429): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x8023060d (The computer_id in the database does not match this computer.)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2145188339. This is retry number 0.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\shared\utils\clrhost.cpp(224): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\rules\scriptmanagerimpl.cpp(7886): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(272): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2146234334. This is retry number 1.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\shared\utils\clrhost.cpp(224): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\rules\scriptmanagerimpl.cpp(7886): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(272): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2146234334. This is retry number 2.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\shared\utils\clrhost.cpp(224): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\rules\scriptmanagerimpl.cpp(7886): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(272): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\server.cpp(3960): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1588): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
ERR_: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1027): Error creating com objects. Error code: -2146234334. This is retry number 3.
BAIL: MMS(7916): d:\bt\39459\private\source\miis\server\server\service.cpp(1041): 0x80131022 (unable to get error text)
Forefront Identity Manager 4.1.3634.0</Data>
</EventData>

</Event>

 


 

Solution

 

Restart Service twice

 

At the first attempt, the service will take a very long time to try starting.

When the initial attempt fails, try restarting the FIM Synchronization again.

 

Check DB connection

 

Use a UDL file with the Data Link Properties tool to check if you can connect to the FIM Sync Database.

More info:
FIM2010 Troubleshooting: FIM Sync service terminated with service-specific error %%-2146234334.

 


 

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