Active Directory PowerShell: List items with “Protect object from accidental deletion” setting

Freshly posted for you on TNWiki: http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/36088.active-directory-powershell-list-items-with-protect-object-from-accidental-deletion-setting.aspx

 


Introduction

Ever got in a situation where you as AD domain admin were blocked from
deleting items?

Or did you ever receive an “Access denied” when you tried to delete items
from AD, even with full admin rights?

Then you better check if AD has the “protect from accidental deletion”
activated on the object, container or OU…

In case you want to check a larger collection of items for this setting, it
quickly becomes complicated.

This article helps you to get an overview by using Powershell, and an export
of the impacted items to a CSV file.

As explained by : James ONeill (Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion)

“The functionality to prevent accidental deletion is not based on a new attribute in Active Directory.  It is enabled by ticking a check box on the Object tab of the particular object you wish to protect.  The Object tab is only visible when the Advanced Features option is selected from the View menu of Active Directory Users and Computers. When the tick box is checked the permissions on the object are changed. A “Deny” permission is created which stops deletion of the object.  “

 


Overview

This script finds all AD objects protected from accidental deletions.

 


Credits

This script uses logic that has been developed by:

 


Source references



Active Directory OU Permissions Report: Free PowerShell Script Download

 


Preventing Unwanted/Accidental deletions and Restore deleted objects in Active
Directory

 


Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion

 


Prerequisites

This script only runs if you can load the AD PS module eg. run the analysis
on a DC.

 


Downloads (Gallery)

 


Source Code

Full Version (with progress bar)

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<##############################################################################
Author: Peter Geelen

Quest For Security

October 2016
https://identityunderground.wordpress.com

This script finds all AD objects protected by accidental deletions.

Credits: This script uses logic that has been developed by:

– Ashley McGlone, Microsoft Premier Field Engineer, March 2013, http://aka.ms/GoateePFE

– Source: https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Active-Directory-OU-1d09f989

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of illustration only and is not intended to be used in a production environment.

THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

We grant You a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to use and modify the Sample Code and to reproduce and distribute the object code form of the Sample Code,

provided that You agree:

(i) to not use Our name, logo, or trademarks to market Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;

(ii) to include a valid copyright notice on Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;and

(iii) to indemnify, hold harmless, and defend Us and Our suppliers from and against any claims or lawsuits, including attorneys  fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Sample Code.

 

This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no rights. Use of included script samples are subject to the terms specified at http://www.microsoft.com/info/cpyright.htm.

##############################################################################>


#—————————————————————————–

#Source references


#—————————————————————————–


#Preventing Unwanted/Accidental deletions and Restore deleted objects in Active Directory

#abizer_hazratJune 9, 2009


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/abizerh/2009/06/09/preventing-unwantedaccidental-deletions-and-restore-deleted-objects-in-active-directory/


#Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion

#James ONeill, October 31, 2007


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/industry_insiders/2007/10/31/windows-server-2008-protection-from-accidental-deletion/


#—————————————————————————–

#Prerequisites: 


#this script only runs if you can load the AD PS module

#eg. run the analysis on a DC


#—————————————————————————–

cls

import-module activedirectory


#—————————————————————————–

#initialisation


#—————————————————————————–


#the CSV file is saved in the same directory as the PS file

$csvFile = $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Definition -replace ‘ps1’,‘csv’

$report = @()

#(*) Credits 

$schemaIDGUID = @{}


### NEED TO RECONCILE THE CONFLICTS ###

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘SilentlyContinue’

Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADRootDSE).schemaNamingContext -LDAPFilter ‘(schemaIDGUID=*)’ -Properties name, schemaIDGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.schemaIDGUID,$_.name)}

Get-ADObject -SearchBase “CN=Extended-Rights,$((Get-ADRootDSE).configurationNamingContext)” -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=controlAccessRight)’ -Properties name, rightsGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.rightsGUID,$_.name)}

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘Continue’

#(*)


#—————————————————————————–

#Functions


#—————————————————————————–

function CheckProtection

{

    param($obj)

    $path = “AD:\” + $obj

    Get-Acl -Path $path | `

    Select-Object -ExpandProperty Access | `

    Where-Object {($_.ActiveDirectoryRights -like “*DeleteTree*”-AND ($_.AccessControlType -eq “Deny”)} | `

        #(*)

        Select-Object @{name=‘Object’;expression={$obj}}, `

        @{name=‘objectTypeName’;expression={if ($_.objectType.ToString() -eq ‘00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000’) {‘All’Else {$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.objectType)}}}, `

        @{name=‘inheritedObjectTypeName’;expression={$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.inheritedObjectType)}}, `

        #(*)

        ActiveDirectoryRights,

        ObjectFlags,

        AccessControlType,

        IdentityReference,

        IsInherited,

        InheritanceFlags,

        PropagationFlags

}


#—————————————————————————–

#MAIN


#—————————————————————————–

#add the top domain

$OUs = @(Get-ADDomain | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName)

#add the OUs

$OUs += Get-ADOrganizationalUnit -Filter * | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

#add other containers

$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(|(objectClass=container)(objectClass=builtinDomain))’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#if you don’t want to scan the builtin container use line below instead of line above


#$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=container)’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#set the target objects types to investigate


#including users, groups, contacts, computers

$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer))’


#$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer)(objectclass=Foreign-Security-Principal))’


#not included: Foreign-Security-Principal, msTPM-InformationObjectsContainer, msDS-QuotaContainer, lostAndFound,

$iSeqNo = 0

$OUCount = $OUs.Count

ForEach ($OU in $OUs

{

    $iSeqNo++

    $pct = ([int]($iSeqNo/$OUCount * 100))

    $activity = “Analyzing container: “+ $OU

    Write-Progress -activity $activity -status “Please wait” -percentcomplete $pct -currentoperation “now processing container $iSeqNo of $OUCount” -id 1

    #check the protection of the parent container

    $isProtected = 

    $isProtected = CheckProtection $OU

    if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    

    #Lookup the child target objects in the parent container

    $objects = Get-ADObject -SearchBase $OU -SearchScope OneLevel -LDAPFilter $ldapfilter | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

    $iSubSeqNo = 0

    $ObjCount = $objects.Count

    

    #check the protection of the child objects

    ForEach ($object in $objects)

    {

        $iSubSeqNo++

        $iSubpct = ([int]($iSubSeqNo/$ObjCount * 100))

        $SubActivity = “Analyzing object: “+ $object 

        Write-Progress -activity $SubActivity -status “Please wait” -percentcomplete $iSubpct -currentoperation “now processing object $iSubSeqNo of $ObjCount” -ParentId 1 -id 2

    

        $isProtected = 

        $isProtected = CheckProtection $object

        if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    }

        Write-Progress -activity “Analyzing object completed.” -status “Proceeding” -Completed -ParentId 1 -id 2

}

$report | Format-Table -Wrap

$report | Export-Csv -Path $csvFile -NoTypeInformation

 

Light version (without progress bar)

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<##############################################################################
Author: Peter Geelen Quest For Security  October 2016

https://identityunderground.wordpress.com

This script finds all AD objects protected by accidental deletions.

Credits: This script uses logic that has been developed by:

– Ashley McGlone, Microsoft Premier Field Engineer, March 2013, http://aka.ms/GoateePFE

– Source: https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Active-Directory-OU-1d09f989

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of illustration only and is not intended to be used in a production environment.

THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

We grant You a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to use and modify the Sample Code and to reproduce and distribute the object code form of the Sample Code,

provided that You agree:

(i) to not use Our name, logo, or trademarks to market Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;

(ii) to include a valid copyright notice on Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;and

(iii) to indemnify, hold harmless, and defend Us and Our suppliers from and against any claims or lawsuits, including attorneys  fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Sample Code.

 

This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no rights. Use of included script samples are subject to the terms specified at http://www.microsoft.com/info/cpyright.htm.

##############################################################################>


#—————————————————————————–

#Source references


#—————————————————————————–


#Preventing Unwanted/Accidental deletions and Restore deleted objects in Active Directory

#abizer_hazratJune 9, 2009


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/abizerh/2009/06/09/preventing-unwantedaccidental-deletions-and-restore-deleted-objects-in-active-directory/


#Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion

#James ONeill, October 31, 2007


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/industry_insiders/2007/10/31/windows-server-2008-protection-from-accidental-deletion/


#—————————————————————————–

#Prerequisites: 


#this script only runs if you can load the AD PS module

#eg. run the analysis on a DC


#—————————————————————————–

cls

import-module activedirectory


#—————————————————————————–

#initialisation


#—————————————————————————–


#the CSV file is saved in the same directory as the PS file

$csvFile = $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Definition -replace ‘ps1’,‘csv’

$report = @()

#(*) Credits 

$schemaIDGUID = @{}


### NEED TO RECONCILE THE CONFLICTS ###

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘SilentlyContinue’

Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADRootDSE).schemaNamingContext -LDAPFilter ‘(schemaIDGUID=*)’ -Properties name, schemaIDGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.schemaIDGUID,$_.name)}

Get-ADObject -SearchBase “CN=Extended-Rights,$((Get-ADRootDSE).configurationNamingContext)” -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=controlAccessRight)’ -Properties name, rightsGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.rightsGUID,$_.name)}

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘Continue’

#(*)


#—————————————————————————–

#Functions


#—————————————————————————–

function CheckProtection

{

    param($obj)

    $path = “AD:\” + $obj

    Get-Acl -Path $path | `

    Select-Object -ExpandProperty Access | `

    Where-Object {($_.ActiveDirectoryRights -like “*DeleteTree*”-AND ($_.AccessControlType -eq “Deny”)} | `

        #(*)

        Select-Object @{name=‘Object’;expression={$obj}}, `

        @{name=‘objectTypeName’;expression={if ($_.objectType.ToString() -eq ‘00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000’) {‘All’Else {$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.objectType)}}}, `

        @{name=‘inheritedObjectTypeName’;expression={$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.inheritedObjectType)}}, `

        #(*)

        ActiveDirectoryRights,

        ObjectFlags,

        AccessControlType,

        IdentityReference,

        IsInherited,

        InheritanceFlags,

        PropagationFlags

}


#—————————————————————————–

#MAIN


#—————————————————————————–

#add the top domain

$OUs = @(Get-ADDomain | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName)

#add the OUs

$OUs += Get-ADOrganizationalUnit -Filter * | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

#add other containers

$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(|(objectClass=container)(objectClass=builtinDomain))’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#if you don’t want to scan the builtin container use line below instead of line above


#$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=container)’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#set the target objects types to investigate


#including users, groups, contacts, computers

$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer))’


#$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer)(objectclass=Foreign-Security-Principal))’


#not included: Foreign-Security-Principal, msTPM-InformationObjectsContainer, msDS-QuotaContainer, lostAndFound,

ForEach ($OU in $OUs

{

    #check the protection of the parent container

    $isProtected = 

    $isProtected = CheckProtection $OU

    if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    

    #Lookup the child target objects in the parent container

    $objects = Get-ADObject -SearchBase $OU -SearchScope OneLevel -LDAPFilter $ldapfilter | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

    #check the protection of the child objects

    ForEach ($object in $objects)

    {

        $isProtected = 

        $isProtected = CheckProtection $object

        if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    }

}

$report | Format-Table -Wrap

$report | Export-Csv -Path $csvFile -NoTypeInformation

 

 


Disclaimer

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of
illustration only and is not intended to be used in a production environment.

THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.

We grant You a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to use and modify
the Sample Code and to reproduce and distribute the object code form of the
Sample Code,

provided that You agree:

(i) to not use Our name, logo, or
trademarks to market Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;

(ii) to include a valid copyright notice on Your software product in which
the Sample Code is embedded; and

(iii) to indemnify, hold harmless, and
defend Us and Our suppliers from and against any claims or lawsuits, including
attorneys’ fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Sample
Code.

This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no
rights.


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