Active Directory PowerShell: List items with “Protect object from accidental deletion” setting

Freshly posted for you on TNWiki: http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/36088.active-directory-powershell-list-items-with-protect-object-from-accidental-deletion-setting.aspx

 


Introduction

Ever got in a situation where you as AD domain admin were blocked from
deleting items?

Or did you ever receive an “Access denied” when you tried to delete items
from AD, even with full admin rights?

Then you better check if AD has the “protect from accidental deletion”
activated on the object, container or OU…

In case you want to check a larger collection of items for this setting, it
quickly becomes complicated.

This article helps you to get an overview by using Powershell, and an export
of the impacted items to a CSV file.

As explained by : James ONeill (Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion)

“The functionality to prevent accidental deletion is not based on a new attribute in Active Directory.  It is enabled by ticking a check box on the Object tab of the particular object you wish to protect.  The Object tab is only visible when the Advanced Features option is selected from the View menu of Active Directory Users and Computers. When the tick box is checked the permissions on the object are changed. A “Deny” permission is created which stops deletion of the object.  “

 


Overview

This script finds all AD objects protected from accidental deletions.

 


Credits

This script uses logic that has been developed by:

 


Source references



Active Directory OU Permissions Report: Free PowerShell Script Download

 


Preventing Unwanted/Accidental deletions and Restore deleted objects in Active
Directory

 


Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion

 


Prerequisites

This script only runs if you can load the AD PS module eg. run the analysis
on a DC.

 


Downloads (Gallery)

 


Source Code

Full Version (with progress bar)

001002

003

004

005

006

007

008

009

010

011

012

013

014

015

016

017

018

019

020

021

022

023

024

025

026

027

028

029

030

031

032

033

034

035

036

037

038

039

040

041

042

043

044

045

046

047

048

049

050

051

052

053

054

055

056

057

058

059

060

061

062

063

064

065

066

067

068

069

070

071

072

073

074

075

076

077

078

079

080

081

082

083

084

085

086

087

088

089

090

091

092

093

094

095

096

097

098

099

100

101

102

103

104

105

106

107

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

116

117

118

119

120

121

122


<##############################################################################
Author: Peter Geelen

Quest For Security

October 2016
https://identityunderground.wordpress.com

This script finds all AD objects protected by accidental deletions.

Credits: This script uses logic that has been developed by:

– Ashley McGlone, Microsoft Premier Field Engineer, March 2013, http://aka.ms/GoateePFE

– Source: https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Active-Directory-OU-1d09f989

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of illustration only and is not intended to be used in a production environment.

THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

We grant You a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to use and modify the Sample Code and to reproduce and distribute the object code form of the Sample Code,

provided that You agree:

(i) to not use Our name, logo, or trademarks to market Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;

(ii) to include a valid copyright notice on Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;and

(iii) to indemnify, hold harmless, and defend Us and Our suppliers from and against any claims or lawsuits, including attorneys  fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Sample Code.

 

This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no rights. Use of included script samples are subject to the terms specified at http://www.microsoft.com/info/cpyright.htm.

##############################################################################>


#—————————————————————————–

#Source references


#—————————————————————————–


#Preventing Unwanted/Accidental deletions and Restore deleted objects in Active Directory

#abizer_hazratJune 9, 2009


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/abizerh/2009/06/09/preventing-unwantedaccidental-deletions-and-restore-deleted-objects-in-active-directory/


#Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion

#James ONeill, October 31, 2007


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/industry_insiders/2007/10/31/windows-server-2008-protection-from-accidental-deletion/


#—————————————————————————–

#Prerequisites: 


#this script only runs if you can load the AD PS module

#eg. run the analysis on a DC


#—————————————————————————–

cls

import-module activedirectory


#—————————————————————————–

#initialisation


#—————————————————————————–


#the CSV file is saved in the same directory as the PS file

$csvFile = $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Definition -replace ‘ps1’,‘csv’

$report = @()

#(*) Credits 

$schemaIDGUID = @{}


### NEED TO RECONCILE THE CONFLICTS ###

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘SilentlyContinue’

Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADRootDSE).schemaNamingContext -LDAPFilter ‘(schemaIDGUID=*)’ -Properties name, schemaIDGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.schemaIDGUID,$_.name)}

Get-ADObject -SearchBase “CN=Extended-Rights,$((Get-ADRootDSE).configurationNamingContext)” -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=controlAccessRight)’ -Properties name, rightsGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.rightsGUID,$_.name)}

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘Continue’

#(*)


#—————————————————————————–

#Functions


#—————————————————————————–

function CheckProtection

{

    param($obj)

    $path = “AD:\” + $obj

    Get-Acl -Path $path | `

    Select-Object -ExpandProperty Access | `

    Where-Object {($_.ActiveDirectoryRights -like “*DeleteTree*”-AND ($_.AccessControlType -eq “Deny”)} | `

        #(*)

        Select-Object @{name=‘Object’;expression={$obj}}, `

        @{name=‘objectTypeName’;expression={if ($_.objectType.ToString() -eq ‘00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000’) {‘All’Else {$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.objectType)}}}, `

        @{name=‘inheritedObjectTypeName’;expression={$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.inheritedObjectType)}}, `

        #(*)

        ActiveDirectoryRights,

        ObjectFlags,

        AccessControlType,

        IdentityReference,

        IsInherited,

        InheritanceFlags,

        PropagationFlags

}


#—————————————————————————–

#MAIN


#—————————————————————————–

#add the top domain

$OUs = @(Get-ADDomain | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName)

#add the OUs

$OUs += Get-ADOrganizationalUnit -Filter * | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

#add other containers

$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(|(objectClass=container)(objectClass=builtinDomain))’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#if you don’t want to scan the builtin container use line below instead of line above


#$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=container)’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#set the target objects types to investigate


#including users, groups, contacts, computers

$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer))’


#$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer)(objectclass=Foreign-Security-Principal))’


#not included: Foreign-Security-Principal, msTPM-InformationObjectsContainer, msDS-QuotaContainer, lostAndFound,

$iSeqNo = 0

$OUCount = $OUs.Count

ForEach ($OU in $OUs

{

    $iSeqNo++

    $pct = ([int]($iSeqNo/$OUCount * 100))

    $activity = “Analyzing container: “+ $OU

    Write-Progress -activity $activity -status “Please wait” -percentcomplete $pct -currentoperation “now processing container $iSeqNo of $OUCount” -id 1

    #check the protection of the parent container

    $isProtected = 

    $isProtected = CheckProtection $OU

    if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    

    #Lookup the child target objects in the parent container

    $objects = Get-ADObject -SearchBase $OU -SearchScope OneLevel -LDAPFilter $ldapfilter | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

    $iSubSeqNo = 0

    $ObjCount = $objects.Count

    

    #check the protection of the child objects

    ForEach ($object in $objects)

    {

        $iSubSeqNo++

        $iSubpct = ([int]($iSubSeqNo/$ObjCount * 100))

        $SubActivity = “Analyzing object: “+ $object 

        Write-Progress -activity $SubActivity -status “Please wait” -percentcomplete $iSubpct -currentoperation “now processing object $iSubSeqNo of $ObjCount” -ParentId 1 -id 2

    

        $isProtected = 

        $isProtected = CheckProtection $object

        if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    }

        Write-Progress -activity “Analyzing object completed.” -status “Proceeding” -Completed -ParentId 1 -id 2

}

$report | Format-Table -Wrap

$report | Export-Csv -Path $csvFile -NoTypeInformation

 

Light version (without progress bar)

001002

003

004

005

006

007

008

009

010

011

012

013

014

015

016

017

018

019

020

021

022

023

024

025

026

027

028

029

030

031

032

033

034

035

036

037

038

039

040

041

042

043

044

045

046

047

048

049

050

051

052

053

054

055

056

057

058

059

060

061

062

063

064

065

066

067

068

069

070

071

072

073

074

075

076

077

078

079

080

081

082

083

084

085

086

087

088

089

090

091

092

093

094

095

096

097

098

099

100

101

102


<##############################################################################
Author: Peter Geelen Quest For Security  October 2016

https://identityunderground.wordpress.com

This script finds all AD objects protected by accidental deletions.

Credits: This script uses logic that has been developed by:

– Ashley McGlone, Microsoft Premier Field Engineer, March 2013, http://aka.ms/GoateePFE

– Source: https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Active-Directory-OU-1d09f989

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of illustration only and is not intended to be used in a production environment.

THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

We grant You a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to use and modify the Sample Code and to reproduce and distribute the object code form of the Sample Code,

provided that You agree:

(i) to not use Our name, logo, or trademarks to market Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;

(ii) to include a valid copyright notice on Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;and

(iii) to indemnify, hold harmless, and defend Us and Our suppliers from and against any claims or lawsuits, including attorneys  fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Sample Code.

 

This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no rights. Use of included script samples are subject to the terms specified at http://www.microsoft.com/info/cpyright.htm.

##############################################################################>


#—————————————————————————–

#Source references


#—————————————————————————–


#Preventing Unwanted/Accidental deletions and Restore deleted objects in Active Directory

#abizer_hazratJune 9, 2009


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/abizerh/2009/06/09/preventing-unwantedaccidental-deletions-and-restore-deleted-objects-in-active-directory/


#Windows Server 2008 Protection from Accidental Deletion

#James ONeill, October 31, 2007


#https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/industry_insiders/2007/10/31/windows-server-2008-protection-from-accidental-deletion/


#—————————————————————————–

#Prerequisites: 


#this script only runs if you can load the AD PS module

#eg. run the analysis on a DC


#—————————————————————————–

cls

import-module activedirectory


#—————————————————————————–

#initialisation


#—————————————————————————–


#the CSV file is saved in the same directory as the PS file

$csvFile = $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Definition -replace ‘ps1’,‘csv’

$report = @()

#(*) Credits 

$schemaIDGUID = @{}


### NEED TO RECONCILE THE CONFLICTS ###

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘SilentlyContinue’

Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADRootDSE).schemaNamingContext -LDAPFilter ‘(schemaIDGUID=*)’ -Properties name, schemaIDGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.schemaIDGUID,$_.name)}

Get-ADObject -SearchBase “CN=Extended-Rights,$((Get-ADRootDSE).configurationNamingContext)” -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=controlAccessRight)’ -Properties name, rightsGUID |

 ForEach-Object {$schemaIDGUID.add([System.GUID]$_.rightsGUID,$_.name)}

$ErrorActionPreference = ‘Continue’

#(*)


#—————————————————————————–

#Functions


#—————————————————————————–

function CheckProtection

{

    param($obj)

    $path = “AD:\” + $obj

    Get-Acl -Path $path | `

    Select-Object -ExpandProperty Access | `

    Where-Object {($_.ActiveDirectoryRights -like “*DeleteTree*”-AND ($_.AccessControlType -eq “Deny”)} | `

        #(*)

        Select-Object @{name=‘Object’;expression={$obj}}, `

        @{name=‘objectTypeName’;expression={if ($_.objectType.ToString() -eq ‘00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000’) {‘All’Else {$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.objectType)}}}, `

        @{name=‘inheritedObjectTypeName’;expression={$schemaIDGUID.Item($_.inheritedObjectType)}}, `

        #(*)

        ActiveDirectoryRights,

        ObjectFlags,

        AccessControlType,

        IdentityReference,

        IsInherited,

        InheritanceFlags,

        PropagationFlags

}


#—————————————————————————–

#MAIN


#—————————————————————————–

#add the top domain

$OUs = @(Get-ADDomain | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName)

#add the OUs

$OUs += Get-ADOrganizationalUnit -Filter * | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

#add other containers

$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(|(objectClass=container)(objectClass=builtinDomain))’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#if you don’t want to scan the builtin container use line below instead of line above


#$OUs += Get-ADObject -SearchBase (Get-ADDomain).DistinguishedName -LDAPFilter ‘(objectClass=container)’ | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName


#set the target objects types to investigate


#including users, groups, contacts, computers

$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer))’


#$ldapfilter = ‘(|(objectclass=user)(objectclass=group)(objectclass=contact)(objectclass=computer)(objectclass=Foreign-Security-Principal))’


#not included: Foreign-Security-Principal, msTPM-InformationObjectsContainer, msDS-QuotaContainer, lostAndFound,

ForEach ($OU in $OUs

{

    #check the protection of the parent container

    $isProtected = 

    $isProtected = CheckProtection $OU

    if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    

    #Lookup the child target objects in the parent container

    $objects = Get-ADObject -SearchBase $OU -SearchScope OneLevel -LDAPFilter $ldapfilter | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DistinguishedName

    #check the protection of the child objects

    ForEach ($object in $objects)

    {

        $isProtected = 

        $isProtected = CheckProtection $object

        if ($isProtected -ne $null) {$report += $isProtected}

    }

}

$report | Format-Table -Wrap

$report | Export-Csv -Path $csvFile -NoTypeInformation

 

 


Disclaimer

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

This Sample Code is provided for the purpose of
illustration only and is not intended to be used in a production environment.

THIS SAMPLE CODE AND ANY RELATED INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.

We grant You a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to use and modify
the Sample Code and to reproduce and distribute the object code form of the
Sample Code,

provided that You agree:

(i) to not use Our name, logo, or
trademarks to market Your software product in which the Sample Code is embedded;

(ii) to include a valid copyright notice on Your software product in which
the Sample Code is embedded; and

(iii) to indemnify, hold harmless, and
defend Us and Our suppliers from and against any claims or lawsuits, including
attorneys’ fees, that arise or result from the use or distribution of the Sample
Code.

This posting is provided “AS IS” with no warranties, and confers no
rights.


#MIM2016 Troubleshooting: FIM MA Full import error 0x80070002

This post has been published on TNWiki too, and waiting for your input at: MIM 2016 Troubleshooting: FIM MA Full import error 0x80070002


Symptoms

When you try to run an Full import run profile on the MIMMA, you get an error message in the MIM GUI.

On screen

Unable to run the management agent.

The system cannot find the file specified. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80070002)

Error message

 

Log Name:      Application
Source:        FIMSynchronizationService
Date:          10/17/2016 5:38:58 PM
Event ID:      6309
Task Category: Server
Level:         Error
Keywords:      Classic
User:          N/A
Computer:      SERVER.SUBDOMAIN.AD.ACCEPT.ROOT
Description:
The server encountered an unexpected error while performing an operation for a management agent.
"BAIL: MMS(39888): ..\ma.cpp(3781): 0x80070002 (The system cannot find the file specified.)
Forefront Identity Manager 4.3.1935.0"
Event Xml:
<Event xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events/event">
  <System>
    <Provider Name="FIMSynchronizationService" />
    <EventID Qualifiers="49152">6309</EventID>
    <Level>2</Level>
    <Task>3</Task>
    <Keywords>0x80000000000000</Keywords>
    <TimeCreated SystemTime="2016-10-17T15:38:58.000000000Z" />
    <EventRecordID>409902</EventRecordID>
    <Channel>Application</Channel>
    <Computer>SERVER.SUBDOMAIN.AD.ACCEPT.ROOT</Computer>
    <Security />
  </System>
  <EventData>
<Data>BAIL: MMS(39888): ..\ma.cpp(3781): 0x80070002 (The system cannot find the file specified.)
Forefront Identity Manager 4.3.1935.0</Data>
  </EventData>
</Event>

Other symptoms

When you try to stop the run of the MIM MA you get an error.

Root cause

The option “run the management agent in a separate process” is activated.

Resolution

Uncheck the option “Run this management agent in a separate process” from the “Configure extensions” item in the management agent properties.


Using Powershell to generate eventviewer statistics and event exports

During FIM health checks we need to have a good overview of the event viewer on the FIM Servers.
In almost any case the event viewer is a good measure of the server’s health.

The more red and yellow you see, the more errors and warnings, the more work you’ll have to get your server in a healthy state.

First goal is to have a general temperature of the health.
Second goal is to have the details to fix the issues.

I’ve created a Powershell to analyse the event viewer logs.

Instead of posting the Powershell in this blog, I’ve published it on TechNet Gallery, over here:

https://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/Powershell-Event-log-ab0ded45

There is a companion Wiki article with some guidance and configuration manual.

http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/32204.powershell-event-viewer-statistics.aspx

In short, the Powerscript below is a modular script that offers following functions:

  • display the event log properties
  • analyse number of events per category
  • analyse number of events per severity
  • overview of error events with source, severity and sample message
  • detailed list of last event per eventID

You can configure the script:

  • choice of event logs
  • history length (period of events to report on)
  • enable/disable logging
  • enable/disable result export to file

 

Before you start

  • validate your script execution policy
  • copy the script to a separate folder where you can execute the script
  • validate the script parameters

Script configuration parameters

  • $enableLogging
    • $TRUE = create a transcript of the script during run (does not work in ISE)
    • $FALSE = do not create a verbose log
  • $ExportEnabled
    • $FALSE = do not export the result to file
    • $TRUE = export the results, statistics and event details to file
  • $EventLogList
    • Default: ‘System’,’Application’,’Setup’,’Forefront Identity Manager’,’Forefront Identity Manager Management Agent’
  • $startdate
    • Defines from which point in time the event logs must be analysed
    • HINT: on a system with a large size of event logs, it’s advised to limit the history to x days or x weeks. A large volume event log will impact the usage of script memory.

I’m more than happy if you would test the script and provide me feedback to improve the script.

 

#FIM2010 & MIM 2016 licensing model is changing as of 1st of april 2015

Source: http://www.microsoft.com/licensing/products/products.aspx

Download the “Microsoft Product Use Rights (WW, English, April 2015)” document at http://www.microsoftvolumelicensing.com/userights/Downloader.aspx?DocumentId=8488 In short, prior to 1st of april 2015, you required

  • a FIM server license for every FIM server installed and a CAL for every user managed in the FIM Service, or
  • Forefront Identity Manager 2010 R2 External Connector
Functionality Covered by
FIM Server Components (FIM Sync, FIM Services, FIM portal, …) FIM Server SKU
CAL Standalone FIM CAL, or Azure Active Directory Premium (AADP), or Enterprise Mobility Suite (EMS) User, orEnterprise Cloud Suite (ECS) User SL
External Users FIM External Connector license (per server)

After 1st of april 2015:

  • Windows Server license (Standard & Datacenter) will include FIM server entitlement
  • FIM Server 2010 R2 licenses will not be available anymore on the price lists
Functionality Covered by
FIM Server Components (FIM Sync, FIM Services, FIM portal, …) Windows Server license (Standard & Datacenter) will include FIM server entitlement
CAL Standalone (FIM) CAL, or Azure Active Directory Premium (AADP), or Enterprise Mobility Suite (EMS) User, or Enterprise Cloud Suite (ECS) User SL
External Users Windows Connector license

Certificate and Identity Management

  • A CAL is also required for any person for whom the software issues or manages identity information.

Synchronization Service

  • A CAL is not required for users only using the Forefront Identity Manager synchronization service.

From the PUR:

  • External Connector License means a license attached to a Server that permits access to the server software by External Users.
  • External Users means users that are not either your or your Affiliates’ employees, or your or your affiliates’ onsite contractors or onsite agents.
  • CAL means client access license. There are two kinds of CALs: user and device. A user CAL allows access to the server software from any device by one user. A device CAL allows access to the server software from one device by any user.

FIM / MIM is using a user CAL. The FIM server will no longer be sold as a separate license, but instead Windows Server licenses will allow customers to install the FIM Server software. Since FIM users already required a Windows Server CAL or equivalent to access FIM running on Windows Server, no additional Windows Server CALs (or Windows Server External Connector) will be required. Still it’s important to understand that you still need FIM/MIM CALs to manage identities with FIM/MIM (unless you only use the FIM/MIM Sync). Azure Active Directory Premium (AADP) and any suite that contains AADP, including Enterprise Mobility Suite (EMS) and Enterprise Cloud Suite (ECS) or a additive FIM CAL will also entitle users to access FIM. MIM will have the same licensing model. All current FIM customers with active SA on the underlying Windows Server, (since the right to install FIM server is now granted with a Windows Server license), will have rights to upgrade to MIM when it launches. And for my Dutch speaking followers… Tous la même chose:

PS: The FIM licensing page on TechNet Wiki will be updated ASAP (http://aka.ms/LicenseToFIM)

[ADD-ON, Jan 2016]
https://identityunderground.wordpress.com/2016/01/06/fimmim-licensing-clarification-on-the-requirement-to-use-cals/

Bookmark:

TechNet Wiki Summit – Calling IT Professionals | Register Now! #TNWIKISummit15

Source: http://blogs.technet.com/b/wikininjas/archive/2015/02/26/wiki-life-disclosing-technet-wiki-summit-2015.aspx

The International TechNet Wiki Summit 2015 aka TNWiki Summit15 will be a landmark in the TechNet Wiki history!

This Summit edition will be a unique conference to be held by Community members, based only on TechNet Wiki articles created to share problems and solutions, providing the opportunity to acquire knowledge and strengthen contacts between IT Professionals and Developers, to improve their professional growth.

Let’s thank what has been accomplished on TechNet Wiki and encourage Attendees to share ideas and knowledge about different articles.

Note-to-self: Internet, privacy and copyright (blogs, #TNWIKI, …)

While working on TechNet Wiki Governance, I stumbled into some useful links.

Saving it to my external memory for quick reference: